Thai Socotranum

Thai Socotranum is a breed of Arabicum. The most unique characteristics of Yak Saudi is that it is short Yak Saudi with its roots, trunk and branches spreading like Bonsai, unlike original real Socotranum which is originally from Socota island in Yemen.

Thai Socotranum
Thai Socotranum
Thai Socotranum

A Thai worker in Saudi Arabia brought a cutting to his home in Ban Na, Nakornnayok province. So, it was called ‘Pet Ban Na’. Later, the breed was developed and the best plant was called "Siam Crown". There was also another man who brought this breed to his home in Nong Haen, Cha Choeng Sao province. So, it was called ‘Yak Nong Haen’ (Dam Sirichok). Later, it was brought to "Bang Khla", Cha Choeng Sao province, then called ‘Bang Khla’.

With very low natural germination rate and seeds' high stability, Thai Socotranum is the rarest breed in the world. The prices of the seeds, seedlings and other items of this breed are more expensive than other breeds. However, nowadays, there is a cross hand pollination technique that results in more seeds and turns Thai Socotranum into money-making plants.

We have seeds, stems, seedlings, cuttings and grafting of Thai Socotranum for you

Thai Socotranum can be divided as follows:

1. Thai Socotranum: Siam Crown (SC)

  • 1.1Siam Crown is a Adenium in 'Thai-Socotranum' imported from Saudi Arabia to Thailand long time ago. So, the breed is very diverse in characteristics now.
  • 1.2Characteristics of Siam Crown
  • Single trunk from large caudex.
  • Branching out on the tip like a crown.
  • Rather short branches with frequent joints similarly to Bonsai.
  • Creamy white trunk and branches, the skin looks like elephant skin when getting older.
  • Glossy smooth leaves, spread, long and tapering leaves, light green and silver leaves, no hair on both sides.
  • Light pink flowers, the outer edge of the petals has stronger shade, pollen tube longer than the petals, blossoming on the branch tip or branches , shedding leaves when blossoming, very fruitful flowers (two times a year, 2-3 months long a time), blossoming throughout the year.
  • Plants grown from seeds show unique characteristics, high stability.

2. Thai Socotraunm : Kao-Hin-Zon (KHZ)

  • 2.1The mother plant was from Khao Hin Son subdistrict, Cha Choeng Sao province.
  • 2.2Characteristics of Khao Hin Son
  • Trunks grown like a car, strong and think branches spreading like Bonsai.
  • Spread and think roots.
  • Glossy leaves, light green leaves, folded leaves, pointed leaf tip, no hair on both sides.
  • Medium-sized pods, big seeds.
  • Plants grown from have high stability and show good characteristics.

3. Thai Socotraunm : Bang-Khla (BK)

  • 3.1The mother plant was imported to Nong Haen subdistrict, Cha Choeng Sao province, so called 'Yak Nong Haen' (called by the owner as 'Dam SIrichok'). Then, it was moved to Bang Khla district, Cha Choeng Sao province, so called 'Yak Bang Khla'.
  • 3.2Characteristics of Yak Bang Khla
  • Trunks grown like a bar, think and strong branches.
  • Think roots.
  • Glossy leaves, light green leaves, pointed leaf tip, no hair on both sides.
  • Medium-sized pods, big seeds.
  • Plants grown from seeds show various but good characteristics.

4. Thai Socotranum : S1

  • 4.1The plant was grown from seed and imported.
  • 4.2Characteristics of S1
  • Rounded and smooth caudex.
  • Branching out into a bush in the top.
  • Glossy leaves, big round leaves, red meridian nerve.
  • Low natural germination rate, big pods and seeds.
  • Plants grown from seeds show various but good characteristics.

5. Thai Socotranum : Petch Krung Kao (PKK)

  • 5.1The mother plant was the baby plant of Pet Ban Na but dwarf, frequent joints, fruitful flowers.
  • 5.2It does not yield seeds so it cannot be grown from seeds

6. Thai Socotranum : New Hybrid / New Variety

6.1 Thung Ngoen is a hybrid of Khao Hin Son+S1
6.2 Rachinee Hinson is a hybrid of Khao Hin Son+RCN
6.3 Cha Da Thong is a descendant of Cha Da Pet
6.4 Ra Kang Pet is a descendant of S1
*These are named by Paisit Farm

Thai-Socotranum usually brings fight to many people in the business.

There are only three groups of upriver Thai-socotranum

  • Mongkut Siam and Pet Ban Na group: They were grown from the same ancestor, have very high stability so the plants grown from seeds have never been renamed.
  • Bang Khla and Khao Hin Son group: : They were grown from the same ancestor, have very high stability but Bang Khla has diverse characteristics; therefore, Bang Khla plants grown from seeds have got such many names as Mongkut Thong, Mongkut Pet, Chada Pet, Pet Phranakorn, Pet Kanchana, Pet Sothorn, etc.
  • S1 group: from our professional experience, S1 is believed to be a descendant of Bang Khla because when we grow Bang Khla seeds, we usually get S1. However, there is another story of S1 saying that it was imported. S1s grown from seeds show diverse characteristics so they have been named as Rakang Thong, Rakang Pet and others.

Midriver and river-mouth Thai Socotranum comes from upstream Thai Socotranum. They usually cause fight among those in business.

Our main products are upstream Thai Socotranum while midriver and river-mouth get secondary priority.

Paisit Farm's moral lesson is the Romance of the Three Kingdoms ( 三國演義 ),

"Older Brother kills Younger Brother" chapter,
After Cao Cao (曹操) passed away, Cao Pi, Cao Cao's son, (曹丕) succeeded to the throne. He planned to kill his younger brother to ensure him of the throne. His brother's name was Cao Zhi ( 曹植 ) who was more preferred by Cao Cao than him. Cao Zhi was a talent poet. He was called Cao Zhi one poem in seven steps. Cao Pi created a condition that if Cao Zhi could not create a poem in seven steps, he would be killed. However, Cao Zhi could create a poem, so he was not killed and the two brothers loved each other again.

บทกลอนเจ็ดก้าว 七步詩 Cooking beans
ต้มถั่ว ใช้เถาถั่ว เป็นเชื้อไฟ 煮豆燃豆萁, Cooking beans on a fire kindled with bean stalks,
ถั่วร่ำไห้ ในน้ำ เดือดพล่าน 豆在釜中泣 The beans weep in the pot.
ต่างถือเกิด จากรากเง้า เดียวกัน 本是同根生, Originally born from the selfsame roots,
ใยเฝ้าผลาญกัน ร้อนรน ปานนี้ 相煎何太急! Why so eager to torture each other!

Real Socotranum

Photo from other web. Photo from other web.

Real Socotranum was originally found in souther Arab, mostly found in Socotranum island in Yemen. It was reported to be found as high as 6 meters and the caudex's round line was 2.5 meters long.

The cuttings of real Socotranum in Socotra island were prohibited by the government of Yemen. However, the seeds of real Socotranum were not. Therefore, there are many farms both in Europe and United States employing the locals to collect the seeds for them. They later found out that the plants grown from seeds had a very slow growth rate and not as beautiful as the originals.

There are only the real fans of real Socotranum that collect and plant them in the form of cleft grafting (with the best cleft grown from seeds) or seedlings.

Photo from other web. Photo from other web.